Sacraments of the Catholic Church
The Catechism of the Catholic Church defines the sacraments as “efficacious signs of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed to us. The visible rites by which the sacraments are celebrated signify and make present the graces proper to each sacrament. They bear fruit in those who receive them with the required dispositions.” A sacrament is “an outward and visible sign of an inward and spiritual grace given unto us, ordained by Christ himself, as a means whereby we receive the same, and a pledge to assure us thereof”.
The Catholic Church teach that the sacraments are seven. The sacraments of initiation, which introduce the recipient into the faith, are: Baptism, Confirmation, and Eucharist. The sacraments of healing are: Reconciliation (Confession) and the Anointing of the Sick (Extreme Unction). The sacraments of communion and mission are: Marriage and Holy Orders.
For those thinking of becoming a Catholic, please click here to learn more about the RCIA program (Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults).
Baptism is the sacrament by which an individual becomes a Christian and, therefore, a member of Christ’s mystical body – the Church. Baptism is one of the Seven Sacraments of the Catholic Church; frequently called the “first sacrament” as it is the gateway to the rest of the sacraments.
Through Baptism we are freed from sin and reborn as children of God; we become members of the mystical body of Christ, are incorporated into the Church and made sharers in her mission: “Baptism is the sacrament of regeneration through water in the word. (CCC: 1213)”
The Sacrament of Confirmation perfects the grace that Christians receive during Baptism. And, similar to Baptism, it imprints an indelible mark on a Christian’s soul, which is why this sacrament can only be received once (CCC 1316).
The Eucharist is the “source and summit of the Christian life”, and all the other sacraments are ultimately oriented toward it (CCC 1324). We Catholics believe that Christ is present in the Eucharist, and that in the Holy Mass we all participate in the heavenly liturgy.
Also known as Confession, the Sacrament of Reconciliation is where the faithful encounter God’s infinite mercy and forgiveness. The Sacrament of Reconciliation is one of the most unique and beautiful aspects of Catholicism. Jesus Christ, in His abundant love and mercy, established the Sacrament of Confession, so that we as sinners can obtain forgiveness for our sins and reconcile with God and the Church. The sacrament “washes us clean,” and renews us in Christ.
“Jesus said to them again, ‘Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, even so I send you.’ And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and said to them, ‘Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained’” (John 20:21-23).
At Blessed Frederic Ozanam, this sacrament is offered every Saturday from 4-5 PM or by appointment. To book an appointment please call the office at 289-554-0556 or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org
Please click here to read a guide to making an examination of conscience and to learn more about distinctions between types of sin (grave versus venial).
Anointing of the Sick
Anointing of the Sick, also called Extreme Unction, is administered to any baptized person who is seriously ill or in danger of death (CCC 1513), and can only be administered by a priest. Parishioners who would like to receive the sacrament may do so by calling the parish at 289-554-0556.
Matrimony is the sacrament in the Catholic Church by which “a man and a woman establish between themselves a partnership of the whole of life” (CCC 1601). With the blessing of God and the Church – in the presence of family and friends – a couple who enters into marriage celebrates a union of love that is oriented toward each other’s good and towards procreation.
Please note that preparations need to be made one year in advance.
What is a vocation?
God has made each of us in His image and likeness. When He created you, He willed in you a specific purpose that can bring deep fulfillment and profound joy. A vocation is the particular way that God calls you to live out your life.
Along the universal path of holiness to which we are all called, each of us also has the privilege of living out a particular vocation, a state of life, a way of making a total gift of self to God and His Creation: the Priesthood, Consecrated Religious Life, the Permanent Diaconate, Marriage, or Committed Single Life in Christ.
For those interested in exploring a vocation to the Priesthood, Consecrated Life, or the Diaconate, please visit the website of the Office of Vocations (Archdiocese of Toronto) for resources, information regarding vocation programs, and discernment weekends.
Also, please visit the following website for additional information about St. Augustine’s Seminary of Toronto: http://www.staugustines.on.ca/